XT807 - The Concore Model of planet and star interiors

"XT807 - The Concore Model of planet and star interiors" is an extract from "Inside The Earth -- The Heartfire Model". "Heartfire" gives a new picture of how the Earth began as an aggregation of interstellar matter, and how it has evolved into its current layered structure of Core, Mesolayer, Mantle and Crust.

This extract deals with how Compressed Neutrons at the outer edge of the Core have very slowly decayed. From each affected neutron, the decay process forms a proton and an electron, and releases a photon of energy. The proton and electron soon combine to form a hydrogen atom, which is enormously larger than the initial neutron and causes expansion at the Core, while the photon goes towards heating the Earth.

In 2012, I presented a new model for the origin of bodies in space, in "Inside The Earth -- The Heartfire Model" [44]. Basically, the model assumes that all single bodies in space, from stars down to planets and planetesimals, started by aggregating gases and dust -- this is fairly standard. The more matter accumulated by a body, the greater the pressure at its core (also standard).

What is different in the new model, is that it assumes that once the mass accumulated reaches a certain threshold, the core matter is compressed down to neutrons by the great pressure (CONCORE Model -- COmpressed Neutrons at CORE). These compressed neutrons remain with the body for its whole life, except that some neutrons at the outside surface of the core decay into a proton and an electron (hydrogen atom), with the release of energy.

This hydrogen atom is enormously larger than the neutron from which it came, which forces changes to the shape of the rest of the body around the core, and the energy release is the source of the heat noted on a planetary surface. Compressed neutrons have a virtually infinite lifetime, while free neutrons decay in about 11 minutes -- decay of core-surface neutrons will be very slow, but persistent.

The mass threshold at which neutron compression starts in a planet is a bit below that of Mars. This explains why Mars apparently had an active tectonic history for the first billion years of its life, but then ceased activity -- it had only a small Concore, which became all used up.

The model also provides a credible source for the energy of earthquakes, which is far greater than the background level of heat reaching the surface generally (over 7000 BL units per day, compared to about 213 BL units). This is described in "Finally, the True Origin of Earthquakes?" [45].

The CONCORE Model gives a logical explanation of how the neutrons in a neutron star formed. They were always at the core of the star which exploded, and all the mass lost by the star in the explosion was ordinary Stuff2 matter lying outside the core. The core remaining is in Stuff3 form, as in a neutron star.

The final model
The full article concludes with a picture of the Earth's current structure.

Figure Figure ITE21. The Heartfire Model of the structure of the Earth..

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References and Links

[44] David Noel. Inside The Earth -- The Heartfire Model. http://www.aoi.com.au/bcw/Heartfire/index.htm .
[45] David Noel. Finally, the True Origin of Earthquakes? http://www.aoi.com.au/bcw1/Finally/index.htm .

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Latest version on Web, 2017 Jan 24